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Causes of pelvic floor dysfunction

Pelvic floor dysfunction can result from a variety of causes and risk factors that can potentially interact with each other. Here are some common contributors.

Pregnancy and Childbirth:
• The pressure of pregnancy and stretching during a vaginal delivery can weaken the pelvic floor muscles, leading to a change in function of the pelvic floor muscles.


• Hormonal changes during menopause can affect the elasticity and strength of pelvic tissues


• The natural aging process can lead to a weakening of muscles, including those in the pelvic floor. This can result in incontinence or other pelvic floor problems

• Excess weight can put additional stress on the pelvic floor muscles. Maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce this risk.


problems with leaking during pregnancy

Chronic Constipation:
• Straining during bowel movements over an extended period can strain the pelvic floor. Maintaining regular bowel habits is crucial.


Chronic Coughing:
• Conditions such as chronic bronchitis, asthma or even the common cold that lead to persistent coughing can strain the pelvic floor over time.


Heavy Lifting:
• Regularly lifting heavy objects, especially when done improperly, can put strain on the pelvic floor muscles and contribute to dysfunction.


possible pelvic organ prolapse due to heavy lifting
heavy, bulging feeling in vagina when running

High-Impact Exercise:
• Certain high-impact activities, such as running or intense jumping exercises, may impact the pelvic floor. It's important to maintain proper form and consider low-impact alternatives if needed.


Pelvic Surgery:
• Surgeries in the pelvic area, such as hysterectomy, may disrupt or damage pelvic floor structures, contributing to dysfunction.


Neurological Conditions:
• Conditions affecting the nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis or stroke, can impact the signals between the brain and pelvic floor muscles.


• Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to conditions that affect the pelvic floor. Family history can play a role in determining susceptibility.

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